Senator: ‘We need to invest in American technology and innovation to increase grid efficiency and security while lowering consumer costs’
Transcript and Video: Ranking Member Cantwell’s Opening Remarks on the State of Technological Innovation Related to the Electric Grid
View Sen. Cantwell’s opening statement here
Washington, D.C. - Today, U.S. Senator Maria Cantwell, (D-Wash.) ranking member of the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee, called for advancing the modernization of the electric grid to meet the efficiency demands of businesses and consumers, while enhancing security and lowering costs.
During a full committee hearing, Sen. Cantwell discussed ways to invest in technology to accelerate the ‘grid of tomorrow’ – through increases in innovation and development.
“There is an opportunity here to confront the challenges and opportunities in upgrading our electricity grid, while also perfecting American technologies that we can also use to solve problems in the global market,” Sen. Cantwell said.
Sen. Cantwell also applauded the Department of Energy (DOE) for creating the Grid Modernization Laboratory Consortium (GMLC), a strategic collaboration between the DOE and National Laboratories to assemble experts and resources to partner on a national effort to modernize the grid. Launched in November 2014, the GMLC’s goals include:
- a 50 percent reduction in the cost of integrating distributed energy sources
with the grid;
- a 33 percent reduction in the cost of utilities reserve margins,
while maintaining reliability; and
- a 10 percent reduction in the societal costs of power outages
“The Grid Modernization Laboratory Consortium will help spread the wealth of the creativity from our National Labs to our state, private and academic partners, to pioneer new methods of modernizing our rapidly changing grid,” Sen. Cantwell said.
The committee also heard testimony about the potential of new game-changing storage technologies. According to Dr. Jeff Taft, Chief Grid Architect for Electric Grid Transformation at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, the combination of storage and other advanced grid technologies may provide “a general purpose grid element as fundamental as power transformers and circuit breakers” in the grid of the future.
“The GMLC estimates that achieving these three goals would save the nation’s economy an estimated $7 billion a year,” noted Dr. Peter Littlewood, Director of Argonne National Laboratory. “And help ensure the future grid is a flexible platform for innovation by entrepreneurs and others who can develop tools and services that empower consumers and businesses, helping them make informed energy decisions.”
“National Laboratories such as Argonne National Laboratory and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, have a long history of working hand-in-hand with the industry to pioneer new tools and methods of measuring, predicting and controlling our rapidly changing electric grid,” Sen. Cantwell said.
“As our economy grows, it continues to have new sources of distributed generation,” Sen. Cantwell said. “We can’t predict where the technology will take us, but we can invest in an efficient electric grid that will make these innovations possible and give consumers more options.”
Below is a full transcript of Cantwell’s opening statement:
“Thank you, Madam Chairman, and thank you for holding this important hearing today. I would also like to join you in thanking the witnesses for being here to discuss these issues.
"We’ve seen as our economy has evolved and information technology has evolved, it has disrupted many industries and business models – everything from the telecomm industry to the music industry. So I think today we’ll have a little bit of discussion about what that disruption is also going to mean for the electricity industry. And how the advanced electrical grid is part of efficiency that will drive savings to consumers and businesses.
"The grid of tomorrow should offer new opportunities for consumers, savings on their electricity bills, and lower costs for businesses through new technology.
"These aren’t obscure academic or regulatory debates. These things are hitting the streets today. States as diverse as Idaho, Georgia, New Jersey and California, have sped ahead with distributed generation, smart meters, and net metering.
"And some places around the world, like South Africa, have skipped the capital-intensive steps of developing centralized grids and just use pre-pay options so consumers can benefit from cheap electricity using American technology.
"Cities in the United States like Spokane, Monterey, Salt Lake, and McAllen, Texas, have installed or are considering electric bus designs that include wireless charging stations embedded in roadways.
"My point is that we can’t predict where the technology will take us, but we can invest in an efficient electric grid that will make these innovations possible and give consumers more options.
"Our hearing today is about the savings, no matter what the source of generation, and putting that to use in a smarter way.
"It doesn’t matter if your state relies on hydropower, like my state of Washington, or nuclear or fossil fuels. The cost of solar and wind has come down, the cost of natural gas has come down. With the integration of smart appliances, the grid is being used in new ways to drive double digit savings.
"The challenges and opportunities we face in upgrading our electricity grid and thinking about global markets is what the debate is about today.
"According to a 2011 Electric Power Research Institute report, investments in the grid will require $300 to $500 billion of new investment over the next 20 years. Bloomberg New Energy Finance calculated that global smart grid investments alone reached $15 billion in 2013, and Pike Research estimates that global spending will reach $34 billion by 2020.
"I say those numbers, because there is an opportunity here for the United States to continue to perfect technology that will then become a global platform.
"The first job of the utilities, power producers, and technology vendors in each of our states is to sell and deliver reliable electric power.
"The federal government is uniquely situated to take the broadest and longest view of the electric grid, as a platform for economic growth and diversification.
"This broad view enables smart people like the National Labs, who are here today, and programs like ARPA-E to explore solutions that are creative and promising but challenge us of how to implement over the long run. The grid’s efficiency, enhancing its resiliency, security and new technologies are all a part of the decisions that we are going to hear from actual regulators today and how they are implementing those.
"Obviously, some of these solutions are already being pushed in the marketplace and can deliver new efficiencies.
"As Chairman Murkowski and I discuss, with our colleagues, the broader energy policy for Congress, I hope we can find some common ground on continuing the federal investment in grid technologies. It does pay off for consumers and our economy.
"The Bonneville Power Administration helped lead the way 15 years ago toward a responsive grid by installing the first network of sensors to take wide-area measurements of transmission systems.
"We’ll hear from Dr. Taft here today, from the Pacific Northwest National Lab, headquartered in Richland, Washington.
"The lab has a long history of working hand-in-hand with industry, on pioneering new methods of controlling our rapidly changing electric grid, with all sorts of new energy storage, new tools for predicting and integrating the output of variable generation such as wind and solar. It was also integral to the largest smart grid demonstration project in the country.
"Grid technology companies like Itron, Schweitzer and Alstom all which have roots in Washington state, and employ thousands of people.
"As our economy grows, it continues to have new sources of distributed generation. I want to applaud Secretary Moniz and the Department of Energy for convening the Grid Modernization Laboratory Consortium. This will help spread the wealth of the creativity of our National Labs through our state, private and academic partners. As I’ve said, I will continue to work with the Chair as we think about energy policy and how to support the investments in a smarter grid.