Democratic News

Washington, DC – U.S. Senator Joe Manchin (D-WV), yesterday introduced bipartisan legislation to formally authorize the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) and establish energy and water usage reduction goals for federal buildings. The bill, the Federal Energy and Water Management Performance Act of 2019, is cosponsored by Senators Lisa Murkowski (R-AK), Rob Portman (R-OH), Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH), Cory Gardner (R-CO), and Mazie Hirono (D-HI).    

“We know that one of the smartest ways to reduce emissions and move towards a cleaner energy future is improving our energy efficiency. With forty percent of our nation’s energy consumption attributed to buildings, and the federal government being the largest energy consumer in the nation, its common sense to authorize the Federal Energy Management Program at the Department of Energy to help our federal agencies operate in a more energy efficient manner,” Senator Manchin said.

“Increasing energy efficiency is an idea we should all be able to get behind, and the federal government can lead by example by consuming less energy and water,” Senator Murkowski said. “Our bill lays out goals for federal agencies through 2030, and for the first time formally authorizes the Federal Energy Management Program. This is a prime example of a no-regrets policy that will be good for American families, communities, and our climate all at the same time.”

“Promoting greater energy efficiency helps create jobs and protect the environment, and that’s why I’m proud to support this bipartisan bill.  This measure will help reduce the federal government’s energy and water consumption and increase energy efficiency in federal buildings. The FEMP program has already saved the federal government $50 billion in energy costs, and codifying this important program will ensure continued savings in energy and water use.  I look forward to continue working with my colleagues on ways to improve energy efficiency and move this legislation forward,” Senator Portman said.

“Requiring federal buildings to meet energy and water reduction goals will save American taxpayers money, conserve water and increase the use of renewable energy,” Senator Shaheen said. “I’m glad to partner with Senators Murkowski and Manchin on this effort so Congress can make headway on bipartisan legislation that invests in the sustainability of our environment and vitality of our economy. This has long been a top priority for me, and I’ll continue to pursue bipartisan solutions that benefit both our economy and environment.”

“As the largest consumer of energy, it’s important for the federal government to lead by example by improving its energy efficiency and making the necessary resiliency upgrades to survive extreme weather and cyber events,” Senator Gardner said. “The Department of Energy’s Federal Energy Management Program can coordinate government leadership, leverage private financing with performance contracts, and track and report on federal progress. I’m proud to be a sponsor of this bill.”

“Saving taxpayer dollars through practical and smart initiatives and efficiency measures such as those proposed in the Federal Energy and Water Management Performance Act will reduce our reliance on fossil fuels and make the federal government a leader in achieving a more sustainable future,” Senator Hirono said. “Improving energy and water efficiency in our federal buildings is one simple step we can take in combating climate change and conserving our fresh water resources.” 

Key provisions of the bill would:

  • Establish energy use reduction goals in federal buildings of 2.5 percent per year for 10 years (2020 to 2030, relative to 2018)
  • Establish water use reduction goals in federal buildings of 54 percent by 2030 relative to 2007
  • Codify FEMP and detail its directives and the duties of its director
  • Provide authorizations for FEMP through fiscal year 2030.

FEMP is an existing program within the Department of Energy that provides training, guidance, and technical assistance to enable federal agencies to meet energy-related goals. FEMP works with agencies and stakeholders to identify affordable solutions, facilitates energy and water savings through public-private partnerships, and provides energy leadership to the country by identifying government best practices. While the program has been consistently funded through multiple administrations, it has never been formally authorized.

These buildings account for about 40 percent of all U.S. energy consumption, and roughly 70 percent of the country’s electricity consumption. The federal government is the country’s number one energy consumer, which costs taxpayers billions of dollars each year. The U.S. Geological Survey estimates the operation of buildings in the U.S. accounts for around 47 billion gallons of water use per day, or about 12 percent of the country’s total water use. According to the Alliance to Save Energy, the average building in the U.S. will stand for more than 70 years, making reasonable reductions in building energy and water use a major opportunity for efficiency gains.

In West Virginia, there are over 19 million square feet of federally owned buildings. FEMP’s work has already led to $27 million in private investment projects to improve energy and water efficiency in West Virginia’s federal facilities, ultimately resulting in a million in annual water cost savings and $2 million in annual energy cost savings. For reference, the annual energy savings from these projects is enough to power 31% of Morgantown’s homes for a month. 

A copy of the full text of the legislation is available here. Click here for a one-page background and section-by-section summary. 

Manchin is the ranking member of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. 

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