Legislation

Official Short: Public Lands Service Corps Act of 2013

Long Title: To amend the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 to expand the authorization of the Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, and the Interior to provide service opportunities for young Americans; help restore the nation's natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational and scenic resources; train a new generation of public land managers and enthusiasts; and promote the value of public service

Sponsors: Mr. Tom Udall (NM), Mr. Baucus, Mr. Begich, Mr. Bennet, Mrs. Boxer, Mr. Coons, Mrs. Feinstein, Mr. Heinrich, Ms. Mikulski, Mr. Tester and Mr. Walsh.

STATUS:

  • February 14, 2013.--Introduced.
  • April 25, 2013.--Hearing by Subcommittee on Public Lands, Forests, and Mining.
  • May 16, 2013.--Mr. Tester added as cosponsor.
  • June 4, 2013.--Mr. Baucus added as cosponsor.
  • June 18, 2013.--Full committee markup; Ordered to be reported with amendments favorably.
  • June 19, 2013.--Ms. Mikulski added as cosponsor.
  • September 10, 2013.--Reported to the Senate with amendments. S. Rept. 113-101. 
  • September 10, 2013.--Placed on Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders. [Calendar No. 179].
  • May 20, 2014.--Added Mr. Walsh as co-sponsor.

S.360

Public Lands Service Corps Act of 2013 (Introduced in Senate - IS)

S 360 IS

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 360

To amend the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 to expand the authorization of the Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, and the Interior to provide service opportunities for young Americans; help restore the nation's natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational and scenic resources; train a new generation of public land managers and enthusiasts; and promote the value of public service.

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

February 14, 2013

Mr. UDALL of New Mexico (for himself, Mr. HEINRICH, Mr. BEGICH, Mrs. BOXER, and Mr. COONS) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources


A BILL

To amend the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 to expand the authorization of the Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, and the Interior to provide service opportunities for young Americans; help restore the nation's natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational and scenic resources; train a new generation of public land managers and enthusiasts; and promote the value of public service.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the `Public Lands Service Corps Act of 2013'.

SEC. 2. AMENDMENT TO SHORT TITLE.

    Section 201 of the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1701 note; 107 Stat. 848) is amended to read as follows:

`SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE; REFERENCES.

    `(a) Short Title- This title may be cited as the `Public Lands Service Corps Act of 1993'.

    `(b) References- Any reference contained in any law, regulation, document, paper, or other record of the United States to the `Public Lands Corps Act of 1993' shall be considered to be a reference to the `Public Lands Service Corps Act of 1993'.'.

SEC. 3. REFERENCE.

    A reference in this Act to `the Act' is a reference to the Public Lands Service Corps Act of 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1721 et seq.; title II of Public Law 91-378).

SEC. 4. AMENDMENTS TO THE PUBLIC LANDS SERVICE CORPS ACT OF 1993.

    (a) Name and Project Description Changes- The Act is amended--

        (1) in the title heading, by striking `
PUBLIC LANDS CORPS
        ' and inserting `
PUBLIC LANDS SERVICE CORPS
      ';

      (2) in section 204 (16 U.S.C. 1723), in the heading, by striking `public lands corps' and inserting `public lands service corps';

      (3) in section 210(a)(2) (16 U.S.C. 1729(a)(2)), in the heading, by striking `PUBLIC LANDS';

      (4) by striking `Public Lands Corps' each place it appears and inserting `Corps';

      (5) by striking `conservation center' each place it appears and inserting `residential conservation center';

      (6) by striking `conservation centers' each place it appears and inserting `residential conservation centers';

      (7) by striking `appropriate conservation project' each place it appears and inserting `appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation project'; and

      (8) by striking `appropriate conservation projects' each place it appears and inserting `appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation projects'.

    (b) Findings- Section 202(a) (16 U.S.C. 1721(a)) of the Act, as amended by subsection (a), is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (1)--

      (A) by striking `Corps can benefit' and inserting `conservation corps can benefit'; and

      (B) by striking `the natural and cultural' and inserting `natural and cultural';

      (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively;

      (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:

      `(2) Participants in conservation corps receive meaningful education and training, and their experience with conservation corps provides preparation for careers in public service.

      `(3) Young men and women who participate in the rehabilitation and restoration of the natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic treasures of the United States will gain an increased appreciation and understanding of the public lands and heritage of the United States, and of the value of public service, and are likely to become life-long advocates for those values.';

      (4) in paragraph (4) (as redesignated by paragraph (2)), by inserting `, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic' after `Many facilities and natural'; and

      (5) by adding at the end the following:

      `(6) The work of conservation corps can benefit communities adjacent to public lands and facilities through renewed civic engagement and participation by corps participants and those they serve, improved student achievement, and restoration and rehabilitation of public assets.'.

    (c) Purpose- Section 202(b) (16 U.S.C. 1721(b)) of the Act is amended to read as follows:

    `(b) Purposes- The purposes of this Act are--

      `(1) to introduce young men and women to public service while furthering their understanding and appreciation of the natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic resources of the United States;

      `(2) to facilitate training and recruitment opportunities in which service is credited as qualifying experience for careers in the management of such resources;

      `(3) to instill in a new generation of young men and women from across the United States, including young men and women from diverse backgrounds, the desire to seek careers in resource stewardship and public service by allowing them to work directly with professionals in agencies responsible for the management of the natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic resources of the United States;

      `(4) to perform, in a cost-effective manner, appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation projects where such projects are not being performed by existing employees;

      `(5) to assist State and local governments and Indian tribes in performing research and public education tasks associated with the conservation of natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic resources;

      `(6) to expand educational opportunities on public lands and by rewarding individuals who participate in conservation corps with an increased ability to pursue higher education and job training;

      `(7) to promote public understanding and appreciation of the missions and the natural and cultural resources conservation work of the participating Federal agencies through training opportunities, community service and outreach, and other appropriate means; and

      `(8) to create a grant program for Indian tribes to establish the Indian Youth Service Corps so that Indian youth can benefit from carrying out projects on Indian lands that the Indian tribes and communities determine to be priorities.'.

    (d) Definitions- Section 203 (16 U.S.C. 1722) of the Act is amended--

      (1) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (7), (8) through (10), and (11) through (13) as paragraphs (5) through (9), (11) through (13), and (15) through (17), respectively;

      (2) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the following:

      `(1) APPROPRIATE NATURAL AND CULTURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION PROJECT- The term `appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation project' means any project for the conservation, restoration, construction, or rehabilitation of natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, or scenic resources.

      `(2) CONSULTING INTERN- The term `consulting intern' means a consulting intern selected under section 206(a)(2).

      `(3) CORPS AND PUBLIC LANDS SERVICE CORPS- The terms `Corps' and `Public Lands Service Corps' mean the Public Lands Service Corps established under section 204(a).

      `(4) CORPS PARTICIPANT- The term `Corps participant' means an individual enrolled--

      `(A) in the Corps or the Indian Youth Service Corps; or

      `(B) as a resource assistant or consulting intern.';

      (3) by inserting after paragraph (9) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)) the following:

      `(10) INDIAN YOUTH SERVICE CORPS- The term `Indian Youth Service Corps' means a qualified youth or conservation corps established under section 207 that--

      `(A) enrolls individuals between the ages of 15 and 25, inclusive, a majority of whom are Indians; and

      `(B) is established pursuant to a tribal resolution that describes the agreement between the Indian tribe and the qualified youth or conservation corps to operate an Indian Youth Service Corps program for the benefit of the members of the Indian tribe.';

      (4) by amending paragraph (12) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)) to read as follows:

      `(12) PUBLIC LANDS- The term `public lands' means any land or water (or interest therein) owned or administered by the United States, including those areas of coastal and ocean waters, the Great Lakes and their connecting waters, and submerged lands over which the United States exercises jurisdiction, except that such term does not include Indian lands.';

      (5) by amending paragraph (13) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)) as follows:

      (A) in subparagraph (A)--

      (i) by striking `full-time,';

      (ii) by inserting `on eligible service lands' after `resource setting'; and

      (iii) by striking `16' and inserting `15';

      (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking `and' at the end;

      (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end and inserting `; and'; and

      (D) by adding at the end the following:

      `(D) makes available for audit for each fiscal year for which the qualified youth or conservation corps receives Federal funds under this Act, all information pertaining to the expenditure of the funds, any matching funds, and participant demographics.';

      (6) by inserting after paragraph 13 (as redesignated by paragraph (1)) the following:

      `(14) RESIDENTIAL CONSERVATION CENTERS- The term `residential conservation centers' means the facilities authorized under section 205.';

      (7) in paragraph (15) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)), by striking `206' and inserting `206(a)(1)'; and

      (8) in paragraph (16) (as redesignated by paragraph (1))--

      (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking `and' at the end;

      (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end and inserting `; and'; and

      (C) by adding at the end the following:

      `(C) with respect to the National Marine Sanctuary System, coral reefs, and other coastal, estuarine, and marine habitats, and other lands and facilities administered by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Secretary of Commerce.'.

    (e) Public Lands Service Corps Program- Section 204 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1723), as amended by subsection (a), is amended--

      (1) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) and subsections (d) through (f) as subsections (c) and (d) and subsections (f) through (h), respectively;

      (2) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:

    `(a) Establishment of Public Lands Service Corps- There is established in the Department of the Interior, the Department of Agriculture, and the Department of Commerce a Public Lands Service Corps.

    `(b) Establishment of Corps Office; Coordinators; Liaison-

      `(1) ESTABLISHMENT OF OFFICES-

      `(A) DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR- The Secretary of the Interior shall establish a department-level office to coordinate the Corps activities within the Department of the Interior.

      `(B) DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE- The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish within the Forest Service an office to coordinate the Corps activities within that agency.

      `(C) DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE- The Secretary of Commerce shall establish within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration an office to coordinate the Corps activities within that agency.

      `(2) ESTABLISHMENT OF COORDINATORS- The Secretary shall designate a Public Lands Service Corps coordinator for each agency under the jurisdiction of the Secretary that administers Corps activities.

      `(3) ESTABLISHMENT OF LIAISON- The Secretary of the Interior shall establish an Indian Youth Service Corps liaison that will--

      `(A) provide outreach to Indian tribes about opportunities for establishing Corps and Indian Youth Service Corps programs; and

      `(B) coordinate with the Tribal Liaison of the Corporation for National Service to identify and establish Corps and Indian Youth Service Corps opportunities for Indian youth.';

      (3) by amending subsection (c) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)) to read as follows:

    `(c) Participants-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may enroll in the Corps individuals who are--

      `(A) hired by an agency under the jurisdiction of the Secretary to perform work authorized under this Act; or

      `(B) members of a qualified youth or conservation corps with which the Secretary has entered into a cooperative agreement to perform work authorized under this Act.

      `(2) RESOURCE ASSISTANTS AND CONSULTING INTERNS- The Secretary may also enroll in the Corps resource assistants and consulting interns in accordance with section 206(a).

      `(3) ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS- To be eligible for enrollment as a Corps participant, an individual shall--

      `(A) be between the ages of 15 and 25, inclusive; and

      `(B) satisfy the requirements of section 137(a)(5) of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12591(a)(5)).

      `(4) TERMS- Each Corps participant may be enrolled in the Corps for a term of up to 2 years of service, which may be served over a period that exceeds 2 calendar years.

      `(5) CIVIL SERVICE- An individual may be enrolled as a Corps participant without regard to the civil service and classification laws, rules, or regulations of the United States.

      `(6) PREFERENCE- The Secretary may establish a preference for the enrollment as Corps participants individuals who are economically, physically, or educationally disadvantaged.';

      (4) in subsection (d) (as redesignated by paragraph (1))--

      (A) in paragraph (1)--

      (i) by striking `contracts and'; and

      (ii) by striking `subsection (d)' and inserting `subsection (f)';

      (B) by striking paragraph (2); and

      (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:

      `(2) RECRUITMENT- The Secretary shall carry out, or enter into cooperative agreements to provide, a program to attract eligible youth to the Corps by publicizing Corps opportunities through high schools, colleges, employment centers, electronic media, and other appropriate institutions and means.

      `(3) PREFERENCE- In entering into cooperative agreements under paragraph (1) or awarding competitive grants to Indian tribes or tribally authorized organizations under section 207, the Secretary may give preference to qualified youth or conservation corps that are located in specific areas where a substantial portion of members are economically, physically, or educationally disadvantaged.';

      (5) by inserting after subsection (d) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)) the following:

    `(e) Training-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall establish a training program based at appropriate residential conservation centers or at other suitable regional Federal or other appropriate facilities or sites to provide training for Corps participants.

      `(2) REQUIREMENTS- In establishing a training program under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--

      `(A) ensure that the duration and comprehensiveness of the training program shall be commensurate with the projects Corps participants are expected to undertake;

      `(B) develop department-wide standards for the program that include training in--

      `(i) resource stewardship;

      `(ii) health and safety;

      `(iii) ethics for individuals in public service;

      `(iv) teamwork and leadership; and

      `(v) interpersonal communications;

      `(C) direct the participating agencies within the Department of the Interior, the Forest Service in the case of the Department of Agriculture, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the case of the Department of Commerce, to develop agency-specific training guidelines to ensure that Corps participants are appropriately informed about matters specific to that agency, including--

      `(i) the history and organization of the agency;

      `(ii) the mission of the agency; and

      `(iii) any agency-specific standards for the management of natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic resources; and

      `(D) take into account training already received by Corps participants enrolled from qualified youth or conservation corps.';

      (6) in subsection (f) (as redesignated by paragraph (1))--

      (A) in paragraph (1)--

      (i) in the heading, by striking `IN GENERAL- ' and inserting `USE OF CORPS; PROJECTS- ';

      (ii) by striking `The Secretary may utilize the Corps or any qualified youth or conservation corps to carry out' and inserting the following:

      `(A) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may use the Corps to carry out, with appropriate supervision and training,';

      (iii) by striking `on public lands' and inserting on `on eligible service lands'; and

      (iv) by adding at the end the following:

      `(B) PROJECTS- Appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation projects carried out under this section may include--

      `(i) protecting, restoring, or enhancing ecosystem components to promote species recovery, improve biological diversity, enhance productivity and carbon sequestration, and enhance adaptability and resilience of eligible service lands and resources to climate change and other natural and human disturbances;

      `(ii) promoting the health of eligible service lands, including--

      `(I) protecting and restoring watersheds and forest, grassland, riparian, estuarine, marine, or other habitat;

      `(II) reducing the risk of uncharacteristically severe wildfire and mitigating damage from insects, disease, and disasters;

      `(III) controlling erosion;

      `(IV) controlling and removing invasive, noxious, or nonnative species; and

      `(V) restoring native species;

      `(iii) collecting biological, archaeological, and other scientific data, including climatological information, species populations and movement, habitat status, and other information;

      `(iv) assisting in historical and cultural research, museum curatorial work, oral history projects, documentary photography, and activities that support the creation of public works of art related to eligible service lands; and

      `(v) constructing, repairing, rehabilitating, and maintaining roads, trails, campgrounds and other visitor facilities, employee housing, cultural and historic sites and structures, and other facilities that further the purposes of this Act.';

      (B) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively; and

      (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:

      `(2) VISITOR SERVICES- The Secretary may--

      `(A) enter into or amend an existing cooperative agreement with a cooperating association, educational institution, friends group, or similar nonprofit partner organization for the purpose of providing training and work experience to Corps participants in areas such as sales, office work, accounting, and management, provided that the work experience directly relates to the conservation and management of eligible service lands; and

      `(B) allow Corps participants to help promote visitor safety and enjoyment of eligible service lands, and assist in the gathering of visitor use data.

      `(3) INTERPRETATION- The Secretary may permit Corps participants to provide interpretation or education services for the public under the direct and immediate supervision of an agency employee--

      `(A) to provide orientation and information services to visitors;

      `(B) to assist agency employees in the delivery of interpretive or educational programs where audience size, environmental conditions, safety, or other factors make such assistance desirable;

      `(C) to present programs that relate the personal experience of the Corps participants for the purpose of promoting public awareness of the Corps, the role of the Corps in public land management agencies, and the availability of the Corps to potential participants; and

      `(D) to create nonpersonal interpretive products, such as website content, Junior Ranger program books, printed handouts, and audiovisual programs.';

      (7) in subsection (g) (as redesignated by paragraph (1))--

      (A) in the matter preceding the first paragraph, by striking `those projects which' and inserting `priority projects and other projects that'; and

      (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:

      `(2) will instill in Corps participants a work ethic and a sense of public service;'; and

      (8) by adding at the end the following:

    `(i) Other Participants- The Secretary may allow volunteers from other programs administered or designated by the Secretary to participate as volunteers in projects carried out under this section.

    `(j) Criminal History Checks-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The requirements of section 189D(b) of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12645g(b)) shall apply to each individual age 18 or older seeking--

      `(A) to become a Corps participant;

      `(B) to receive funds authorized under this Act; or

      `(C) to supervise or otherwise have regular contact with Corps participants in activities authorized under this Act.

      `(2) ELIGIBILITY PROHIBITION- If any of paragraphs (1) through (4) of section 189D(c) of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12645g(c)(1)-(4)) apply to an individual described in paragraph (1), that individual shall not be eligible for the position or activity described in paragraph (1), unless the Secretary provides an exemption for good cause.'.

    (f) Residential Conservation Centers and Program Support- Section 205 (16 U.S.C. 1724) of the Act is amended--

      (1) in the section heading, by striking `conservation' and inserting `residential conservation';

      (2) in subsection (a)--

      (A) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may establish residential conservation centers for--

      `(A) such housing, food service, medical care, transportation, and other services as the Secretary deems necessary for Corps participants; and

      `(B) the conduct of appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation projects under this Act.';

      (B) by striking paragraph (2);

      (C) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively;

      (D) in paragraph (2) (as redesignated by subparagraph (C)), in the heading, by striking `FOR CONSERVATION CENTERS'; and

      (E) in paragraph (3) (as redesignated by subparagraph (C)), by striking `a State or local government agency' and inserting `another Federal agency, State, local government,';

      (3) in subsection (b)--

      (A) by striking `The Secretary' and inserting the following:

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary'; and

      (B) by adding at the end the following:

      `(2) TEMPORARY HOUSING- The Secretary may make arrangements with another Federal agency, State, local government, or private organization to provide temporary housing for Corps participants as needed and available.

      `(3) TRANSPORTATION- In project areas where Corps participants can reasonably be expected to reside at their own homes, the Secretary may fund or provide transportation to and from project sites.';

      (4) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (f);

      (5) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:

    `(d) Facilities- The Secretary may, as an appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation project, direct Corps participants to aid in the construction or rehabilitation of residential conservation center facilities, including housing.

    `(e) Mentors- The Secretary may recruit from programs, such as Federal volunteer and encore service programs, and from veterans groups, military retirees, and active duty personnel, such adults as may be suitable and qualified to provide training, mentoring, and crew-leading services to Corps participants.'; and

      (6) in subsection (f) (as redesignated by paragraph (4)), by striking `that are appropriate' and all that follows through the period and inserting `that the Secretary determines to be necessary for a residential conservation center.'.

    (g) Resource Assistants and Consulting Interns- Section 206 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1725) is amended--

      (1) in the section heading, by inserting `and consulting interns' before the period;

      (2) by striking subsections (a) and (b) and inserting the following:

    `(a) Authorization-

      `(1) RESOURCE ASSISTANTS-

      `(A) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may provide individual placements of resource assistants with any agency under the jurisdiction of the Secretary that carries out appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation projects to carry out research or resource protection activities on behalf of the agency.

      `(B) ELIGIBILITY- To be eligible for selection as a resource assistant, an individual shall be at least 17 years of age.

      `(C) PREFERENCE- In selecting resource assistants for placement under this paragraph, the Secretary shall give a preference to individuals who are enrolled in an institution of higher education or are recent graduates from an institution of higher education, with particular attention given to ensuring full representation of women and participants from Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Hispanic-serving institutions, and Tribal Colleges and Universities.

      `(2) CONSULTING INTERNS-

      `(A) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may provide individual placements of consulting interns with any agency under the jurisdiction of the Secretary that carries out appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation projects to carry out management analysis activities on behalf of the agency.

      `(B) ELIGIBILITY- To be eligible for selection as a consulting intern, an individual shall be enrolled in, and have completed at least 1 full year at, a graduate or professional school that has been accredited by an accrediting body recognized by the Secretary of Education.

    `(b) Use of Existing Nonprofit Organizations-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- Whenever 1 or more nonprofit organizations can provide appropriate recruitment and placement services to fulfill the requirements of this section, the Secretary may implement this section through such organizations.

      `(2) EXPENSES- Participating organizations shall contribute to the expenses of providing and supporting the resource assistants or consulting interns from sources of funding other than the Secretary, at a level of not less than 25 percent of the total costs (15 percent of which may be from in-kind sources) of each participant in the resource assistant or consulting intern program who has been recruited and placed through that organization.

      `(3) REPORTING- Each participating organization shall be required to submit an annual report evaluating the scope, size, and quality of the program, including the value of work contributed by the resource assistants and consulting interns, to the mission of the agency.'.

    (h) Technical Amendment- The Act is amended by redesignating sections 207 through 211 (16 U.S.C. 1726 through 1730) as sections 209 through 213, respectively.

    (i) Indian Youth Service Corps- The Act is amended by inserting after section 206 (16 U.S.C. 1725) the following:

`SEC. 207. INDIAN YOUTH SERVICE CORPS.

    `(a) Authorization of Cooperative Agreements and Competitive Grants- The Secretary is authorized to enter into cooperative agreements with, or make competitive grants to, Indian tribes and qualified youth or conservation corps for the establishment and administration of Indian Youth Service Corps programs to carry out appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation projects on Indian lands.

    `(b) Application- To be eligible to receive assistance under this section, an Indian tribe or a qualified youth or conservation corps shall submit to the Secretary an application in such manner and containing such information as the Secretary may require, including--

      `(1) a description of the methods by which Indian youth will be recruited for and retained in the Indian Youth Service Corps;

      `(2) a description of the projects to be carried out by the Indian Youth Service Corps;

      `(3) a description of how the projects were identified; and

      `(4) an explanation of the impact of, and the direct community benefits provided by, the proposed projects.'.

    (j) Guidance- The Act is amended by inserting after section 207 (as amended by subsection (i)) the following:

`SEC. 208. GUIDANCE.

    `Not later than 18 months after funds are made available to the Secretary to carry out this Act, the Secretary shall issue guidelines for the management of programs under the jurisdiction of the Secretary that are authorized under this Act.'.

    (k) Living Allowances and Terms of Service- Section 209 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1726) (as redesignated by subsection (h)) is amended by striking subsections (a), (b), and (c) and inserting the following:

    `(a) Living Allowances-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall provide each Corps participant with a living allowance in an amount established by the Secretary.

      `(2) TRAVEL COSTS- The Secretary may reimburse Corps participants for travel costs at the beginning and end of the term of service of the Corps participants.

    `(b) Terms of Service-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- Each Corps participant shall agree to participate for such term of service as may be established by the Secretary.

      `(2) CONSULTATIONS- With respect to the Indian Youth Service Corps, the term of service shall be established in consultation with the affected Indian tribe or tribally authorized organization.

    `(c) Hiring Preference and Future Employment- The Secretary may--

      `(1) grant to a Corps participant credit for time served as a Corps participant, which may be used toward future Federal hiring;

      `(2) provide to a former participant of the Corps or the Indian Youth Service Corps noncompetitive hiring status for a period of not more than 2 years after the date on which the service of the candidate in the Corps or the Indian Youth Service Corps was complete, if the candidate--

      `(A) has served a minimum of 960 hours on an appropriate natural or cultural resources conservation project that included at least 120 hours through the Corps or the Indian Youth Service Corps; and

      `(B) meets Office of Personnel Management qualification standards for the position for which the candidate is applying;

      `(3) provide to a former resource assistant or consulting intern noncompetitive hiring status for a period of not more than 2 years after the date on which the individual has completed an undergraduate or graduate degree, respectively, from an accredited institution, if the candidate--

      `(A) successfully fulfilled the resource assistant or consulting intern program requirements; and

      `(B) meets Office of Personnel Management qualification standards for the position for which the candidate is applying; and

      `(4) provide, or enter into contracts or cooperative agreements with qualified employment agencies to provide, alumni services such as job and education counseling, referrals, verification of service, communications, and other appropriate services to Corps participants who have completed the term of service.'.

    (l) National Service Educational Awards- Section 210 (16 U.S.C. 1727) of the Act (as redesignated by subsection (h)) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (a) (as amended by subsection (a)(4)), in the first sentence--

      (A) by striking `participant in the Corps or a resource assistant' and inserting `Corps participant'; and

      (B) by striking `participant or resource assistant' and inserting `Corps participant'; and

      (2) in subsection (b)--

      (A) by striking `either participants in the Corps or resource assistants' and inserting `Corps participants'; and

      (B) by striking `or a resource assistant'.

    (m) Nondisplacement- Section 211 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1728) (as redesignated by subsection (h)) is amended by striking `activities carried out' and all that follows through the period and inserting `Corps participants.'.

    (n) Funding- Section 212 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1729) (as redesignated by subsection (h)) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (a)--

      (A) in paragraph (1)--

      (i) in the second sentence, by striking `non-federal sources' and inserting `sources other than the Secretary'; and

      (ii) by inserting after the second sentence the following: `The Secretary may pay up to 90 percent of the costs of a project if the Secretary determines that the reduction is necessary to enable participation from a greater range of organizations or individuals.'; and

      (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting `or Indian Youth Service Corps' after `Corps' each place it appears;

      (2) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:

    `(b) Funds Available Under National and Community Service Act- To carry out this Act, the Secretary shall be eligible to apply for and receive assistance under section 121(b) of the National and Community Service Act (42 U.S.C. 12571(b)).'; and

      (3) in subsection (c)--

      (A) by striking `section 211' and inserting `section 213'; and

      (B) by inserting `or Indian Youth Service Corps' after `Corps'.

    (o) Authorization of Appropriations- Section 213 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1730) (as redesignated by subsection (h)) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (a), by striking `year' and all that follows through the period and inserting `year.';

      (2) by striking subsection (b); and

        (3) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).